How to remove R3f5s Ransomware

Easy methods to delete R3f5s Ransomware [Data recovery solution]

Cyber security researcher “Jakub Kroustek” has discovered R3f5s Ransomware and explained that it is very notorious crypto-malware and computer infection that is belongs to “Dharma Ransomware” family. Like other ransomware virus, this nasty ransomware is capable of encrypting/locking all files stored in your computer. After encryption process, it drops the copies of ransom note on machine that claims to decrypt or recover your all files immediately, once you pay demanded ransom money to them. But it is not true. They never provide any decryption keys/tools.

What is R3f5s Ransomware?

R3f5s Ransomware is new variant of Dharma Ransomware that renames each files stored in your computer with .[[email protected]].r3f5s File Extension during encryption process and spreads “FILES ENCRYPTED.txt” ransom in each folder of your System. However, this cunning ransomware also performs various other actions like blocks all the security software and other legitimate applications running in your computer that causes serious troubles.

Due to blocked security tools, you wouldn’t find the location of malicious files related of this harmful ransomware in your machine. In simple word, we can say that you can’t work on your computer comfortably as usual like before.

“FILES ENCRYPTED.txt” ransom note states that all files stored in your computer hard drive have been locked due to security reasons and requires paying certain amount of ransom money within 24 to 72 hours. On other hand, ransom note contains the information about this infection, how to decrypt encrypted files, technical support’s email ID and ransom money details as well. This message is also concluded with warnings and states that renaming the encrypted files or attempting to decrypt files with third parties’ tools may result in permanent data loss.

The message displayed on “FILES ENCRYPTED.txt” ransom note:


Don’t worry,you can return all your files!

If you want to restore them, follow this link:email [email protected] YOUR ID 1E857D00

If you have not been answered via the link within 12 hours, write to us by e-mail:[email protected]


Do not rename encrypted files.

Do not try to decrypt your data using third party software, it may cause permanent data loss.

Decryption of your files with the help of third parties may cause increased price (they add their fee to our) or you can become a victim of a scam.

When we talk about R3f5s Ransomware’s decryption tools mentioned in ransom note, it provides initially free decryption keys/tools for some files of your computer. It asks you to send 2-3 encrypted files on the email ID provided on ransom note. After that, it forces you to pay demanded ransom money to them. We recommended you to please avoid paying any amount of ransom money to them. In order to pay extortion money, they can keep record of your crucial & confidential information like IP address, URLs search, typed words, address, email ID, age, login ID & password of various accounts, banking information and other details as well. So, it is important to delete R3f5s Ransomware from System as soon as possible.

How your System gets infected from R3f5s Ransomware?

This nasty Dharma Ransomware’s variant is generally get enters into your machine from spam email messages, infected attachments and bundles of freeware which you are downloaded from internet. Scammers or hackers send malicious emails in your mailbox which contains some messages along with malicious attachments. These attachments can Microsoft Office documents, PDF, RAR, JavaScript, ZIP or other formats of files. In order to open such encrypted files, it executes encryption module in your computer and starts locking all files stored in your machine.

Precautionary measures:

  • You should have strong backup of your all files on safe external devices
  • You should keep up-to-date your operating System.
  • Remove all the faculty software and update rest of the software running in your machine
  • Be careful while surfing online and avoid opening attachments coming from unknown emails.

Threat Analysis

Name: R3f5s Ransomware

Type: File Virus, Crypto-Malware, Ransomware, File Locker

Description: This dubious crypto-malware is capable of encrypting all files stored in your computer and drops the copies of ransom note on screen. In other word, we can say that you can’t open or use your personal files or data as usual like before.

Distribution methods: Malicious ads or popup messages, fake software updates or security alert messages, spam email messages, infected attachments, torrent websites, bundles of freeware or shareware and many other tricks.

Motives of crooks: Aims to collect your sensitive information and shares it to other hackers or third parties to generate some revenue. They also want to steal your money from your wallet or e-wallet.

Removal & recovery solution: In case if your System has infected from R3f5s Ransomware or related infection, then you need to scan your System with powerful antivirus software. After complete scan and malware removal, you can use powerful data recovery software to restore files encrypted by ransomware.

General information 

What is Ransomware? How it works?

Ransomware is a form of malware program designed & developed by cybercriminal or cybercriminals’ group to encrypt victims’ files. They attempt to access victims’ computer using its encryption module and lock all types of files of stored on machine. After encryption process, they inject ransom note in each folder of computer that claims read & follow the instructions given on ransom note. Otherwise, they will delete all files & folders stored in victims’ devices.

Victims’ are shown the instructions for how to pay ransom money to get decryption key. Attackers generally mention the cost s of ransom from few hundred to thousand dollars in Bitcoins or other cryptocurrency. There are several things the ransomware might do once it is taken over the victim’s computer., but the most common action is to encrypt some or all users’ files including photos, audios, videos, documents, archive and other types of files. The message displayed on ransom note explains that their files are now inaccessible and will only be decrypted if the victims send demanded Bitcoins payment to the attackers.

Who are the targets for Ransomware?

According to cyber security researchers, there are several different tricks cybercriminals choose the organizations they target with Ransomware virus while sometime it is depend on opportunity like attackers might target universities because they tend to have smaller security researchers’ teams  and disparate user base that does lot of file sharing that is making easier to disturb their defenses.

While some organizations seem more likely to pay ransom quickly so attackers target these organizations usually. On other hand, cybercriminals also attempt to target the government agencies, law firms and other organizations with Ransomware. Attackers target these powerful organizations due to several reasons like some intensions or want to gain access to their System to gather sensitive data.

Types of Ransomware

Scareware: It includes bogus security tools/software and tech-support scams. Scammers or attackers sometimes send pop-up message that claims harmful malware was discovered on your machine and the only way to remove these infections is to pay ransom. However, it starts bombarding these types of bogus tech-support scam message constantly, but your files are necessarily safe. Apart from that, any legitimate security software would not ask for customer in this way. In case if you use their fake tech-support service or bogus security software, scammers behind this attack attempt to inject self-made malware in your computer and shows always false results on the screen. So, you should avoid paying ransom to them.

Screen lockers: Some ransomware variants target your PCs by locking System screen. Once installed, you’re frozen out of your PC entirely. It will modify the desktop wallpaper with ransom image or lock the System screen. However, this ransom note states that it is accomplished by official FBI or US department of Justice. The message also states that illegal activity has been detected on your computer and requires paying fine to them. One thing is clear now that FBI would not freeze you out your computer and demand ransom payment for illegal activity. So, you should never believe on them at any cases and stop paying ransom money to them.

Encrypting Ransomware: Some ransomware variants attempt to lock your files stored in your machine and demand ransom payment in order to decrypt encrypted files. This type of ransomware is very dangerous because attackers get a hold of your files and no any security programs or System Restore ca return these files to you. They claim that the only way to decrypt your locked files is to purchase and use its decryption tools. Otherwise, they will delete all encrypted files permanently.

Do You Suspect Your Computer May Be Infected with ‘R3f5s Ransomware’ & Other Threats? Scan Your Computer for Threats with SpyHunter

Spyhunter is a powerful malware remediation and protection tool designed to help provide users with in-depth system security analysis, detection and removal of a wide range of threats like R3f5s Ransomware as well as a one-on-one tech support service.

For more information, read SpyHunter’s EULA, Threat Assessment Criteria, and Privacy Policy. The scanner you download here is free version and is able to scan your system for possible threat’s presence. however, it requires a 48 hour period to remove detected threats without any charge. if you want not to wait for that period, you will have to purchase its licensed version.

(Data Recovery Solution)

The first recommendation is to recover your encrypted data with backup files you have created. In case there is no backup available, try to restore your encrypted data with data recovery tool suggested here.

Recommended methods for R3f5s Ransomware removal and restore encrypted files

R3f5s Ransomware is very harmful crypto-malware designed to encrypt all types of files including photos, audios, videos, documents and other files, and make them inaccessible. After encryption process, it spreads the ransom note in each folder of your computer that claims the decryption is possible only when you use its data recovery service. We recommended you to please avoid paying demanded ransom money to them.

In that case, you need to remove R3f5s Ransomware and all the related components from PCs immediately and then perform data recovery process. Here, we are discussing about both malware removal and data recovery method that could help you to solve your problem. Ransomware removal method will help to find the location of this nasty crypto-malware in your computer and remove them completely while data recovery method will help you to get back your damaged or locked files in your machine. Let’s go for the solution.

Remove R3f5s Ransomware using “Safe Mode with Networking”

  • Restart your PCs and press “F8” function key multiple times you see the “Advance Boot Options” window
  • Select “Safe Mode with Networking” in the list
  • Now, log in to account with R3f5s Ransomware infection
  • Open your internet browser and download the legitimate anti-malware software. You can download “SpyHunter” anti-malware software that has the ability to delete all types of malware or spyware from machine.
  • Update the anti-malware software and starts the “Full Scan” operation to remove all programs related to R3f5s Ransomware from machine.

Remove R3f5s Ransomware using “Safe Mode with Command Prompt” and “System Restore”

  • Restart your computer and press “F8” function key multiple times until “Windows Advance Options” menu appears

  • Select “Safe Mode with Command Prompt” option in the list

  • Now, type “cd restore” command in command Prompt and hit “Enter” key to execute it

  • After that, type “rstrui.exe” command in command line and hit “Enter” key
  • Once “rstrui.exe” command executed, “System Restore” window will appear
  • Click on “Next” button

  • Choose one of available “Restore Points” and click on “Next”

  • In the confirmation dialog box, click on “Yes” to start “System Restore” process

  • After restoring your computer to previous date, download/install and scan your computer with powerful anti-malware software to eliminate any remaining malicious programs related of R3f5s Ransomware. You can download the powerful antivirus software via “download link” below

Download Spyhunter Anti-Malware Tool

Restore files encrypted by R3f5s Ransomware using “Windows Previous Versions” feature

To restore individual files encrypted by R3f5s Ransomware, follow the steps below:

  • To restore a file, right-click on it and go to “Properties”
  • Select the “Previous Versions” tab
  • If the relevant files has a “Restore Point”, select it and click on “Restore” button

Note: This method is only effective if “System Restore” function was enabled on your Windows operating System. On other hand, some ransomware variants like R3f5s Ransomware are known to remove “Shadow Volume Copies” of the files. So, we can say that this method may not work for data recovery.

Restore files locked by R3f5s Ransomware using “Shadow Explorer”

To restore files, you can use “Shadow Explorer” application. This application allows you to browse the “Shadow Copies” created by Windows OS Shadow Copy Service. “Shadow Explorer” helps if you are unable of access the “Shadow Copies” by default especially in “Windows Home Editions”. Note that “Shadow Copies” can directly be accessed only in Business Ultimate and Enterprise versions.

“Shadow Explorer” provides Volume Shadow copy service and other features including retrieve all the variants of files and folders available, allow to access through shadow copies and show available current copies.

Important Note: This data recovery application is designed to decrypt or recover your files from Shadow copies which is created by “Windows Volume Shadow Copies Service”. But when we talk about R3f5s Ransomware or other harmful ransomware variants, it usually deletes “Shadow volume copies” and any other backup files using malicious tricks. So if System has already been infected with this type of ransomware virus, then you can’t access “Shadow Copies” using this software. Anyway, you can use “Shadow Explorer” if you want and please check if it works.

How to download/install and use “Shadow Explorer” on Windows PCs?

  • Click on “Download” button below to download the “Shadow Explorer” application

Download Shadow Explorer

  • Double-click on “Installer file” or “Downloaded ZIP file” to install this software
  • Once installed, open “Shadow Explorer” as Administrator

  • Now, from the drop down list you can select from one of the available point-in-time Shadow copies

  • You can right-click on any file or folder and export it
  • After that, choose a folder where the files from “Shadow Copies” are saved to

  • In case if a file or folder in the destination folder already exists, “Shadow Explorer” asks for the confirmation before overwriting. Check the box “Do not show this dialog again”, if you don’t want to show this again.
  • There is a button in the settings (File, Settings) to reset this decision

Recovery of files encrypted by R3f5s Ransomware or similar ransomware

If you are unable to recover your lost files by using “System Restore”, “Windows Previous versions features” and “Shadow Explorer”, then you can go for another data recovery solution. As said earlier in most of the cases, ransomware variants like R3f5s Ransomware are capable of deleting “Shadow volume copies” created by Windows OS by default. In this case, you can use “Stellar Data Recovery Software”. This powerful data recovery software is designed to recover all files encrypted by R3f5s Ransomware.

“Stellar Data Recovery Software” is user-friendly software for Windows and Mac OS X based devices that features include RAID and Virtual drive recovery and repairing all types of corrupted files. It works with both non-bootable and encrypted drives. In simple word, we can say that this powerful data recover software does great job.

This powerful recovery software takes less time to recover files locked by R3f5s Ransomware and support all known files type and custom types can be added with advanced options menu. “Stellar Data Recovery Software” recovers emails, photos, audios, videos, documents and etc from any storage media devices like hard drives, SSD, DVD, USB drives, and others

On other hand, it recovers crucial data from missing or deleted partitions of hard drive volume in just few steps. It generates a preview of search results during scan so you get to see all the recoverable files before recovery. This preview result appears on screen in “Tree-View” and deleted list formats.

How to download/install and use “Stellar Data Recovery Software” on Windows PCs?

  • Click on “Download” button below to download “Stellar Data Recovery Software” in your computer

Download Stellar Data Recovery Software

  • Double-click on “Installer file” to install the application
  • Once installed, open “Stellar Data Recovery Software”
  • Select type of data you want to recover. Option: All Data, Office Documents, Folders, Emails, Audios and Videos. And then click on “Next”

  • Now, select he folder location, drive or volume you want to scan for data and click on “Scan”

  • Wait for the completion. Once done, select the files and click on “Recover” button to save your recover files

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